Grafeneck: The Duke Christoph of Wuerttemberg has a renaissance castle constructed as a hunting seat.
Acquisition of Grafeneck by the “Evangelische Samariterstiftung Stuttgart”, a protestant charity foundation.
Installation of an institution for handicapped people in Grafeneck.
National Socialist take-over of power. Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of the Reich.
First attempts to start “euthanasia”-measures.( Reichsaerztefuehrer Wagner/leader of the doctors' association of the Reich)
Beginning of World War II on 1st September 1939.
Registration of all institutions for handicapped and mentally ill people by the Ministry of the Interior of the Reich.
In October 1939 Adolf Hitler signs the authorization for the 'euthanasia'-murders into effect.
14th October,1939: Seizure of Grafeneck. Tranformation of Grafeneck into an institution of extermination.
A total of six institutions of extermination by “euthanasia”' is set up in Germany.
18th January,1940: Beginning of the “euthanasia”- murdering at Grafeneck.
13th December,1940: End of the “euthanasia”-murdering at Grafeneck.
Up to the stop of “Action T4” more than 70,000 people from institutions for care and nursing are murdered between January 1940 and August 1941.
3rdAugust,1941: Sermon by the Bishop of Muenster, Clemens August Earl of Galen.
24thAugust,1941: Hitler stops the “euthanasia”- murders in the extermination institutions.
Euthanasia undergoes a “decentralized” phase with drugs and malnutrition until the end of the war.
Nazi Germany attacks the Soviet Union in June 1941.
Beginning of the murdering of the European jews in the camps of extermination of the “Holocaust”.
1941 - 1945
Grafeneck is used as a place of “Kinderland-Verschickung” (to accommodate children from cities).
Grafeneck is returned to “Samariterstiftung”. It is re-established as an institution for handicapped people.
Grafeneck trials in Tuebingen (Wuerttemberg) and Freiburg (Baden).
The Federal Republic of Germany is founded.
At Grafeneck the building where the killing took place is torn down.
The graveyard of the institution becomes the site of remembrance.
First memorial service at Grafeneck on “Buss- und Bettag” (“Day of Repentance and Prayer”; in some German states a protestant holiday in November).
A memorial tablet drawing attention to the “euthanasia”-murders is mounted onto one of the two urn graves of the grave- yard.
Grafeneck Memorial is established.
The „Arbeitskreis Gedenkstaette Grafeneck e. V.” ( Society for the Support of Grafeneck Memorial) is founded.
Publication of the “Gedenkbuch fuer die Opfer der Euthanasie in Grafeneck 1940” (Memorial book for the victims of euthanasia in Grafeneck 1940).
The alphabet garden is laid out.
Exhibition at Grafeneck: “10654 - Kunst fuer Grafeneck - Wo Wort und Schrift ans Ende kommen” / (“10654 - Art for Grafeneck - Where neither words nor writing will suffice”).