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Timeline

1556-1560
Grafeneck: The Duke Christoph of Wuerttemberg has a renaissance castle constructed as a hunting seat.

1929
Acquisition of Grafeneck by the “Evangelische Samariterstiftung Stuttgart”, a protestant charity foundation.

1930
Installation of an institution for handicapped people in Grafeneck.

1933
National Socialist take-over of power. Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of the Reich.

1935
First attempts to start “euthanasia”-measures.( Reichsaerztefuehrer Wagner/leader of the doctors' association of the Reich)

1939

Beginning of World War II on 1st September 1939.

Registration of all institutions for handicapped and mentally ill people by the Ministry of the Interior of the Reich.

In October 1939 Adolf Hitler signs the authorization for the 'euthanasia'-murders into effect.

14th October,1939: Seizure of Grafeneck. Tranformation of Grafeneck into an institution of extermination.

1940

A total of six institutions of extermination by “euthanasia”' is set up in Germany.

18th January,1940: Beginning of the “euthanasia”- murdering at Grafeneck.

13th December,1940: End of the “euthanasia”-murdering at Grafeneck.

1941

Up to the stop of “Action T4” more than 70,000 people from institutions for care and nursing are murdered between January 1940 and August 1941.

3rdAugust,1941: Sermon by the Bishop of Muenster, Clemens August Earl of Galen.

24thAugust,1941: Hitler stops the “euthanasia”- murders in the extermination institutions.

Euthanasia undergoes a “decentralized” phase with drugs and malnutrition until the end of the war.

1941-1942

Nazi Germany attacks the Soviet Union in June 1941.

Beginning of the murdering of the European jews in the camps of extermination of the “Holocaust”.

1941 - 1945

Grafeneck is used as a place of “Kinderland-Verschickung” (to accommodate children from cities).

1946-1947

Grafeneck is returned to “Samariterstiftung”. It is re-established as an institution for handicapped people.

1949

Grafeneck trials in Tuebingen (Wuerttemberg) and Freiburg (Baden).

The Federal Republic of Germany is founded.

1965

At Grafeneck the building where the killing took place is torn down.

The graveyard of the institution becomes the site of remembrance.

1979

First memorial service at Grafeneck on “Buss- und Bettag” (“Day of Repentance and Prayer”; in some German states a protestant holiday in November).

1982

A memorial tablet drawing attention to the “euthanasia”-murders is mounted onto one of the two urn graves of the grave- yard.

1989-1990

Grafeneck Memorial is established.

1994

The „Arbeitskreis Gedenkstaette Grafeneck e. V.” ( Society for the Support of Grafeneck Memorial) is founded.

1995

Publication of the “Gedenkbuch fuer die Opfer der Euthanasie in Grafeneck 1940” (Memorial book for the victims of euthanasia in Grafeneck 1940).

1998

The alphabet garden is laid out.

2003

Exhibition at Grafeneck: “10654 - Kunst fuer Grafeneck - Wo Wort und Schrift ans Ende kommen” / (“10654 - Art for Grafeneck - Where neither words nor writing will suffice”).

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